1. what is true about critical temperature:
a. applies on mixture of gas.
b. of co2 is 31c
c. of oxygen is 121c
d. of nitrogen is 21c
e. is temperature below which pressure can keep gas liquid
2. Humidity in OT should be
3. Ropivacaine is used for epidural anaesthesia instead of bupivacaine during labour,because
a. it is less toxic
b. no effect on fetus
c. recovery is quick
d. prolonged action
4. half life of pseudocholine esterase is
a. 2 hours
b. 1 week
c. 3 days
d. 12 hours
5. regarding phosphodiestease inhibitor (I can just recall there was some option regarding its inactivation of cAMP,,which I ticked..but don’t remember exactly now what the other options were )
6. volume of distribution depends on following except
c. lipid solubility of a drug
7. what is true about FRV volume.
a. increased in shallow breathing
b. nitrogen breath test can measure it
c. it is part of minute ventilation
d. can be measured by helium dilution metho
8.regarding coanda effect what is true
a. can explain ischemia of myocardium
b. do not explains vascular flow
c. explains unequal distribution of air in alveoli
9. regarding flow of gas in a tube,directly proptional to
b. pressure difference
10.flow of inhalational gases across memebrane is directly propotional to..
a. surfactant produced
b. transalveolar pressue
11. which one of following anti emetic has max bioavalability
12.which one of following drug worsens angina
13.which one of following used in CCF but is not a vasodilator…
14.drug of choice in prizmental angina
15.nitous oxide is a .. a.analgesic,, b.vasodilator
16. regarding paracetamol what is true…
c.not an anti inflammatory
d.more potent analgesic than codeine
e.causes met-Hb.emia more frequently than Phanacetin
17.child with burn 6 hour back brought to ER for dressing. Family history of sibling died under GA is positive…you are cautious regarding using succinylcholine in this patient why?
a. Chances of malignant hyper thermia increases
c. due to increased risk of prolonged muscle contractions
18.sensory supply of dura is by all except
19.Mac of isoflurane is a.0.3 b.0.5 c.1.2 d.1.5
20.mac is reduced in…
a. duration of anaesthesia
22. which one irritates larynx..
d. nitrous oxide
23.isoflurane effects cardiac activity by: (options don’t remember exactly,but the main theme was how isoflurane actually suppresses cardiac activity,mechanism of action )
a. decreasing AV conduction
b. inhibiting intracellular phospateases
c. bidirectional block (something like that ,exact term don’t remember but it was bi- )
24. all of the following are tributaries of internal jugular vein except:
a. sigmoid sinus
b. lingual vein
c. superior thyroid
d. oocipital vein
25. After induction of anesthesia by 10 mg/kg thiopentone, pt is hypotonic. Cause ?
b. dec HR
c. dec contractility
26.which one of following has steroid nucleus.
27.which one is potent bronchodilator,can be used in asthmatic patients
28.regarding isoflurane one correct statement..
a.recommended for anaesthesia induction,,
29.thiopental effects on cvs:
a.transient fall in bp
30. ketorolac drug of choice in…
a.. a patient of thoracotomy wid oozing wounds
b. diabetic patient undergoing hemicolectomy
31. correct statement regarding inferior vena cava …
a.commences at L5
b.tributaries similar to aorta
c.lies posterior to right adrenal gland
d.is related to bare area of liver
32. regarding left adrenal vein drains into…
a. inferior vena cava
b. left renal vein
33. adrenaline is added to local anaesthetic to restrict its…
34. regarding cvp whats true….
a. always low in all types of shock.
b. give accurate measurement when catheter in rt atrium
c. gives clue about pulmonary edema
d. reading 5cm H2o is equal to 10 mmhg
35.patient in ot undressed..heat loss is by
a.radiation n conduction
36.if ventillation increasd.
a.dead space develops
37.laminar flow what is true….
a. directly proportional to viscosity
38. transducer is…
a .convert one energy form into another
39.patient on htnsive drug now comes in shock ,known hypertensive,, Serum Potassium is 5..Diagnosis? a.hemolysis
40. whats true about montoux test..
a.reaction type is type 4
41.prednisolone..( cant recall what they asked,just remember there was a question regarding it as well )
42.in sternous exercise wats not increased….
a. is differance of systolic and diastolic pressures
b. decreases in old age
44. cardiac index is..
a. cardiac output to body surface area (BSA),
b.difference of end systolic volume and end diastolic volume
a. produced by golgi apparatus
b. has hydrolases n catalases
c. has oxidases
46.regarding carotid sheath,correct statement is:
a.contents are carotid artery,vagus nerve,internal jugular vein
b.formed by condensation of pretracheal fascia
46.adenosine mode of action… a.
48.bronchial tone circadian rhythm max at …a.early morning
49.3rd space fluid loss.fluid of choice is…
c. ringers lactate
d. normal saline
50.class three antiarhythmic name
51.10-15% blood loss,,replace by ..
a. whole blood
b. three times normal saline
c. ringers lactate
52.pulmonary ligament is
a. in which lung root sinks during respiration
b. a recess in parietal pleura
c.formed by condensation of Sibson fascia
53.supra pleural fascia is …..
a.thickining of pretrachial fascia
b.attached to first rib
c.moves with respiration,
d.subclavian vessels crosses it superiorly
54. chorda tympani,select one false…..
a. supplies posterior 2/3 of tongue,
b .leaves through styloid mastoid foramen.
. c. passes over upper part of medial side of tympanic membrane
55.all are mesoderm derivative except… .
56.road traffic accident ,patient now having bleeding from left ear n left eye pupil dilated,which cranial nerve damaged
57.thoracic part of sympathetic trunk supplies all except..
d. parietal pleura
58.respiratory quotient is
a.carbondioxide produced per oxygen utilization
59.mac of sevoflurane with 60% N2O
60.which of following joint is immoveable
61.dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves supply
62.regarding bronchopulmonary segments correct statement is
a.has a segmental bronchus
b.anatomical ,surgical,functional unit of lung
63.which of following organism causes menigites sec. to pyogenic lung abcess
64.true regarding trachea
a. contains macrophages in alveoli
b. incomplete cartilages in airway tract tubes
c. cilliated epithelium uptil terminal bronchus
65.nitrogen breath test can be used for a.measuring dead space .
66.regarding right brachiocepahilc vein,what is true
a. has valve
b. right is longer than left
c. commences at level of t4
d. is vertical
67.filling of ventricle produces which heart sound .
68.lymph is drained into
69.regarding inferior vena cava,what is true ..
a.commences at L5
b.lies posterior to right renal gland
c.related to bare area of liver
d.has tributaries similar to aorta
70.regarding internal jugular vein
a.continuation of sigmoid sinus,
b.hypoglossal nerve crosses it anteriorly,,
c.lingual nerve is its tributary,
71.anterior inferior cerebellar artery is a branch of
d.posterior cerebral artery
72.which of following doesn’t have any sensory supply
73.a patient is inducted with an inhalational agent,he develops bronchospasm n airway irritation, (I think in question it was also mentioned about mac of that agent and it was < 0.1 ,,don’t remember exactly ) which agent is responsible for this:
74.what is true about amide local anaesthetics: a.they are bound to albumin
75.regarding ropivacaine what is true
b.long duration of action
c.equally effective than bupivacaine
d.pKa is equal to that of bupivacaine
76.most toxic local anaesthetic is: a.bupivacaine b.ropivacaine c.lidocaine d.dimethocaine
77.suxamethonium causes tachycardia in a patient ,,what is the mechanism ?
a.it blocks nicotinin receptors at post synaptic junction
b.it blocks nicotinic receptors at autonomic ganglia
c.it blocks muscarinic receptors at postsynaptic terminal
78.you have given a dose of suxamethonium in a patient ,now u have to give another dose,you are very cautious regarding second dose,why ?
a.because of hyperkalemia
b.because of hypocalcemia
79.regarding ropivacaine what s true:
a.low ph increases its shelf life
b.more toxic than bupivacaine
c.it is a recemic mixture
80.piperacurium is preferred over pancuronium because
a.renal excretion is less
b.cardiovascular stability is more
81.which local anaesthetic causes methaemoglobinemia:
c. Prilocaine d.
82.half life of pseudocholinesterase is:
83.orifice of a tube is small,flow of gas through small orifice affected by which parameter
: a.presseure difference
84.what is true about viscosity? a.it decreases on increasing temperature
85.in pregnancy respiratory rate increases which hormone is responsible for that : a.estrogen b.prolactin c.thyroid d.progesterone
86.in huntingtons chorea succinyl choline is contraindicated ,why? a.pseducholine esterase is deficient
87.ace inhibitor acts in ccf by .. a.reducing cardiac out put .b.by decreasing av conduction c.by decreasing SA and AV conduction
88.which one of following is correct : a. po2 90 spO2 1OO% b. po2 60 spO2 90% c. po2 50 spO2 60%
89.in how many percentage of population malignant hyperthermia chances exist? a.<50% b. 60% c. 80%
90.cis atrecurium is preferred over atricurium why? a.due to less production of metabolites b.dosesnot release histamine 91.preganglionic sympathetic supply to sublingual gland is transmitted along which cranial nerve
92.regarding why nitrous not used in abdominal surgeries correct statement is: a.distends intestine
93. ECG of a patient shows progressively increasing PR intervals followed by dropped beat. What is the condition? a) Third degree heart block b) Mobitz Type 1 c) Sinus arrhythmia d) Mobitz Type 2
94.one case scenerio was given in which ph was 7.4,,pCO 2 was 60,,and HCO3 was 26 a.respiratory acidosis b.type 1 respiratory failure and compensated respiratory acidosis c.type 2 respiratory failure and compensated respiratory acidosis d.metabolic alkalosis
95.best indicator of preload is: a.pulmonary capillary wedge pressue b.ventricular end diastolic volume c.end systolic volume d.organ perfusion
96.All are the branches of Vagus nerve EXCEPT a) Auricular b) Lacrimal c)Pharyngeal d) Recurrent Laryngeal
97.About CSF most appropriate statement is a) it is ultrafilterate of Plasma b) has more glucose than blood c) has cushioing effect d) absorbed in Choroid Plexus
98.sodium in blood is electrically balanced by .chloride ion .bicarbonate .rest options don’t remember
99.maximum map is in a.ivc b.svc c.pulmonary artery d.capillaries
100.glucose tranports across membrane due to its concentration difference,it is called: a.diffusion b.facilitated diffusion c.active tranport d.sec. active tranport
101.cell is in complete depolarization phase in : a.qrs complex b.QT interval c.ST segment d.T wave
102. Muscle relaxant that can be given to an asthmatic pt a. atracurium b. tubocurare c. cisatracurium d. suxa
103.Regarding Laudanosine,all true except (exact options don’t remember but I guess they were like this ) a.metabolite of atra and cis curium b.less conc . produced by cis than atracurium c. crosses blood brain barrier d.cns depression
104.regarding intracranial part of facial nerve what is true: a.give rise to greater petrosal nerve b.nerve to submandibular gland c.nerve to tensor tympani